Control Systems for Truck Fuel Economy Optimization Using Connectivity

Control Systems for Truck Fuel Economy Optimization Using Connectivity

 

Fuel Economy1

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This VIP team is working in collaboration with the truck manufacturer Navistar to optimize the fuel economy of Class 8 heavy duty vehicles. Similar to automobiles, Class 8 trucks also incorporate a wealth of assistive technologies, including radar-based proximity sensors and wireless connectivity. Rather than re-engineering the existing mechanical systems of the vehicles, this team is modifying their electronic control systems be more aware of other nearby vehicles, both through onboard sensors and vehicle-to-vehicle/vehicle to infrastructure (V2V/V2I) communications. Given enough warning, trucks may be able to detect the braking/acceleration of vehicles several vehicles ahead, allowing them to automatically apply appropriate behaviors that result in dramatic fuel savings. Through the creation and simulation of optimal control strategies, this VIP team aims to make the shipping of freight by road more profitable for industry and cheaper for consumers.

The work of this VIP team will be divided amongst three subteams, each specializing in the control strategies applied to one subsystem of a truck: a regeneration team optimizing brake timing and energy regeneration in the hybrid drive system, a cooling system team optimizing thermal efficiency of the engine, and a transmission/powertrain team optimizing gear shifting in the automatic transmission.

As part of applying for this project, interested students should also email the faculty of the project at: VIP-Truck-Fuel-Economy@umich.edu

More Information: 2017-Fuel-Economy

Students who successfully match to this faculty research team will be required to sign the following document in January 2017:

Student IP Agreement for Faculty Research Teams

How to Apply

Project Features

  • Skill level All levels
  • Students 5-12
  • Likely Majors AERO, IOE, ISD-AUTO, ME, NAME
  • Course Substitutions ME 590
  • IP & NDA Required? Yes
  • Summer Opportunity Summer Funding Application
  • Regeneration Optimization Team (3 Students)

    Preferred Base Qualifications: Completion of MECHENG 360, AEROSP 348, MECHENG 458, AUTO 501, IOE 310 , Preferred Expert Qualifications: Completion of ME 461, MECHENG 461, MECHENG 540, MECHENG 542, IOE 511

    • Likely Majors: ME, AERO, ISD-AUTO, IOE
  • Engine Cooling Optimization Subteam (3 Students)

    Preferred Base Qualifications: Completion of MECHENG 360, MECHENG 438, MECHENG 335, MECHENG 320, IOE 310, Preferred Expert Qualifications: Completion of ME 461, MECHENG 569, NAME 531, AERO 575, IOE 511

    • Likely Majors: ME, AERO, ISD-AUTO, IOE, NAME
  • Transmission & Powertrain Optimization (3 Students)

    Preferred Base Qualifications: ME 360, IOE 310, Preferred Expert Qualifications: ME 461, ME 569, IOE 511

    • Likely Majors: ME, AERO, ISD-AUTO, IOE
  • Apprentice Researcher (3 Students)

    Requirements: interest in project material, willingness to develop skills. OPEN TO FRESHMEN AND SOPHOMORES ONLY.

    • Likely Majors: ANY

Faculty Sponsor: Gábor OroszGábor Orosz
Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering

Professor Orosz is a leading expert on the dynamics and control of connected and automated vehicles. He is researching the impact of these technologies on safety, mobility and fuel economy of automobiles and heavy-duty vehicles. He received his M.Sc. degree in Engineering Physics from the Budapest University of Technology, Hungary and his Ph.D. degree in Engineering Mathematics from the University of Bristol, UK.

Faculty Mentor: A. Harvey Bell IVA. Harvey Bell IV
‎Clinical Professor of Engineering Practice and Co-Advisor, Multidisciplinary Design Program

Professor Bell served in the US Navy, after which he spent 39 years at General Motors. During his long successful career with GM, some of his significant achievements were chief engineering a Chevrolet Camaro and a Pontiac Firebird. He retired as the Executive Director of North American Advanced Vehicle Development. He is a Michigan graduate and undertook graduate studies at the University of Pennsylvania.